Madrid, Aug 2 (EFE) .- In full confinement, and with a notable drop in the hours actually worked, there has been a significant rise in unpaid overtime, an increase that would be associated with teleworking taking into account that fundamentally assumed in the education sector.
According to the Second Quarter Active Population Survey (INE), overtime paid decreased by 2.22% compared to the first quarter, while unpaid hours increased by 21.36% in three months in which effective hours of work carried out have fallen by 22.59%.
During the second quarter, 321,700 salaried people made 3.8 million unpaid overtime hours per week, which averages almost two and a half hours more per day per person.
Statistics reveal that unpaid overtime work increased significantly more for women, who also did more unpaid overtime for the first time in the historical series than men.
A total of 167,700 women, 35,500 more than the previous quarter, made 2 million unpaid overtime hours per week, 605,100 more than in the first quarter, while 154,000 men, 2,800 less, did 1.8 million overtime hours without pay a week, 63,400 more.
Thus, while for women unpaid weekly overtime hours increased by 43.77%, for men they did so by 3.63%.
The increase in unpaid overtime hours performed by women was concentrated in the education sector, where 67,500 workers laid 955,800 unpaid hours a week between April and June, compared to 29,700 who worked 278,700 unpaid hours between January and March .
Men have also worked more overtime without paying in the field of education (413,200 a week compared to 131,500 the previous quarter), but they account for 43% of those assumed by women, although it must be borne in mind that these are a sector in which women are 66.3% of the employed.
For the president of the National Association of Labor Workers (Asnala), Ana Gómez, it is evident that teleworking has meant an overload of overtime, mainly due to the form and circumstances in which it has been implemented during the pandemic.
“At any time, at night, on weekends … it has been an exceptional situation that has surpassed companies and workers,” Gómez told EFE.
The professor of Labor and Social Security Law at the University of Valencia, Daniel Toscani, considers that, despite the entry into force of the mandatory time record just over a year ago, “overtime in black is an endemic problem difficult solution. “
“They are not registered, they are not denounced and nobody controls them,” adds Toscani, who also points out that paid extras are a “preferential” mechanism for companies before hiring more people.
“It pays them to do overtime rather than hire staff to cover that job,” he says.
The president of the union of Labor and Social Security Inspectors, Ana Ercoreca, acknowledges that teleworking has benefits for the employee because it saves time on the move, for example, but she denies that it is accompanied by unpaid overtime.
Also, remember that during the temporary employment regulation (ERTE) files, you cannot do overtime, while other company employees continue with the suspended contract.
(c) EFE Agency