Against all odds, the politician who quotes most often Challenges and his ranking of the 500 fortunes is a deputy of. In October 2017, at the National Assembly, François Ruffin brandished our magazine to denounce the scandalous progression of the heritage of the “ultra-rich”. Since then, he has adopted a formula that he repeats over and over again, that of the “500 families”, these “500 families who stuff themselves” and of which Emmanuel Macron would be the enslaved president. By using this expression, the Insoumis deputy of the Somme revives an old myth, that of the “200 families”. Launched in the 1930s, used on the left as well as on the right, in particular at the extremes, this slogan retains its political effectiveness to designate the financial oligarchy which would hold, in an occult way, France under its control.
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“Two hundred families are masters of the French economy and, in fact, of French politics,” declares Edouard Daladier at the Radical Party congress in 1934. The hold of 200 families weighs heavily on the tax system, on transport, on credit. The 200 families place their representatives in political cabinets. They act on public opinion because they control the press. ” This magic number of 200 was not chosen by Edouard Daladier at random. It corresponds to the number of the largest shareholders of the Banque de France, those who, according to its statutes established by Napoleon Iis, may participate in the Bank’s general meeting, which was then private, and above all appoint its twelve regents. These will be recruited throughout its history from the same dynasties of bankers, the Mallets, the Hottinguer, the Mirabauds, the Vernes or the Rothschilds.
Edouard Daladier’s idea is not new. At the end of the Second Empire, the journalist Georges Duchêne, disciple of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, already denounced a “financial feudalism” of “200 moguls” and indicted, in addition to his governors, deputy governors, regents and others.[…]