Those who work in the east of Germany generally earn significantly less than colleagues in the west. However, salaries are slowly converging.
Berlin (dpa) – The wage differentials between workers in East and West Germany remain large – but the wage gap has narrowed further. At the end of 2019, full-time employees with compulsory social insurance earned an average of 699 euros more in the old federal states than in the new ones.
The median gross monthly salary (median) was € 3,526 in the west and € 2,827 in the east, as can be seen from an answer by the federal government to a written question from the AfD parliamentary group. The answer came to the editorial network (RND) and dpa on Saturday.
A comparison with the 2018 figures shows, according to the RND, that the pay gap between east and west has narrowed slightly. The median wages in the new federal states increased by 120 euros per month, the old states increased by 92 euros.
Nationwide, the average gross wages of full-time employees subject to social security contributions as of December 31, 2019 was EUR 3401 a month. At the end of 2017, according to earlier government statements, it was € 3209. For years, experts have pointed out that in addition to differences in economic power, lower wage agreements are also the reason for the wage arrears in the new federal states.
The median income, the median, is a statistical value that is more robust against outliers than the average value. The median divides a frequency sorted by the amount of the fees into two groups of the same size and is thus in the middle of the distribution. If one were to sort all income earners according to the amount of their earnings and then form two groups of the same size, the people who are exactly in the middle of this distribution would receive the median wage.