Officially known as the Batagaika Ravine Megabaja, a large scar in the landscape 1 kilometer long (0.62 miles) that can be found in the Sakha Republic of Siberia, in the eastern depths of Russia.
Since 1960 this enormous crack has expanded enormously as a result of the thaw. Because of its shape and depth, the locals call it: “the door to the underworld”.
This 2020 has reached 900 meters wide, especially due to record temperatures in the area that have reached up to 38 degrees on the celcius scale. Added to this are large forest fires and expulsions due to the melting of methane gas in the atmosphere.
According to NASABatagaika has revealed a number of ancient animals, including a Pleistocene horse, prehistoric steppe bison, cave lions, and wolves.
The revista ScienceMag He has commented that various researchers have ventured to the “gate of the underworld” to study what is happening there.
“There is a lot of cracking as you get closer, and suddenly there are no trees and you are standing on a ledge, ”says Kseniia Ashastina, a paleobotany at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. She and her colleagues at the Senckenberg Research Institute and the Museum of Natural History stayed with Siberian Indians, Evens and Sakha, some of whom fear the Great Rift. “They say they are eating their land, swallowing the trees and their sacred places,” she says, “says the publication.
The main fear is how much more will Batagaika continue to grow as researchers have confirmed that the opening has I advance about 10 meters per year, says Frank Guenther, a researcher at the University of Potsdam.
“Since 2016, he says, that rate has increased from 12 to 14 meters per year. It is more difficult to determine how fast the depression is deepening and, therefore, how much further back in time the melt is penetrating, “concludes ScienceMag.
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