The new coronavirus has killed more than 1 million people around the world.
That mark was reached just over ten months after the first officially confirmed death in China in January 2020.
The virus continues to spread worldwide, with more than 32 million cases in 188 countries. And regions and countries that had apparently been successful in initially containing the pandemic began to face the growth of infections once again.
Where are cases and deaths growing?
The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that the death toll could reach 2 million before a vaccine is widely available to the population.
Some regions have faced new advances in the disease in recent months, such as India and the Asian continent.
Official figures from the Indian government indicate that the number of infections has risen to 6 million, the second highest in the world in absolute numbers, after the United States, with 7.1 million cases.
In third place is Brazil, with 4.7 million confirmed cases. Experts point out, however, that the number of people infected in these countries is much higher than official figures.
The virus appears to spread much faster in India than anywhere else, with more than 90,000 cases of the disease a day in early September.
The number of infections has increased in the country amid the decision of the authorities to suspend measures adopted to curb the spread of the disease, with the aim of trying to revive the economy.
On the other hand, India has been able to increase the number of tests carried out to detect that it is infected, including people without symptoms.
India has maintained a relatively low death rate in view of the size of its population, which amounts to 1.35 billion inhabitants.
In Latin America, Brazil has the highest number of deaths in absolute numbers, with 140,000 so far. Next comes Mexico, with 76 thousand, and Peru, with 32 thousand.
On the other hand, Argentina, with fewer deaths (15 thousand), has faced an accelerated growth of cases, with more than 700 thousand notifications. It is practically the same level as Mexico (726 thousand) and Peru (800 thousand).
In the Middle East, Iran was hit hard by the virus at the start of the pandemic, and in recent weeks the country has reached the highest number of new daily cases since the beginning of June.
Neighboring Iraq has seen a steady increase in cases.
Cases also continue to rise in Indonesia and the country has recorded more than 10,000 deaths, the highest number in Southeast Asia.
Africa recorded more than 1.4 million confirmed cases, although the real extent of the pandemic on the continent was unknown.
Rates of people tested are quite low, which can distort official estimates. South Africa and Egypt recorded the biggest outbreaks recorded so far on the continent.
Covid-19 cases grow again in Europe
Several European countries are facing a new daily increase in the number of cases amid fears of a new severe wave of the virus.
Several European countries have again adopted quarantines and other restrictions in their most affected regions, and there are renewed calls for people to wear masks and respect the rules of social distance.
The pattern of increased infections following the loosening of restrictions is not limited to Europe.
Israel imposed a new national lockdown after recording a record number of cases in the past few days.
Other countries that have seen the resurgence of the virus include Russia, Peru, South Korea, Canada and Australia. On the other hand, after the return of the tougher restrictive measures, some of them now register a drop in cases again.
In the table below, countries can be reordered by deaths, mortality rate and total cases. In the colored bars on the right, the countries whose cases have increased to more than 5,000 a day are those with black bars on the relevant date.
Number of cases in the US slows down
The United States registered more than 7 million people infected, more than a fifth of the total worldwide (33 million). In the country, the pandemic grew for the second time in July, then fell in August, and now it shows signs of new growth.
With more than 200,000 deaths, the United States also tops the list of the highest number of deaths.
Projections from the University of Washington indicate that more than 370,000 people may die in the country by the end of this year, but that figure could be reduced to 273,000 if 95% of the inhabitants wear a mask.
The pandemic had devastating effects on the American economy, with a 33% drop in GDP (the sum of all wealth produced) in the quarter from April to June.
How did covid-19 spread?
The Sars-CoV-2 virus, which causes covid-19 respiratory infection, was initially detected in the Chinese city of Wuhan in late 2019.
The outbreak spread rapidly around the world in the first months of 2020, and on March 11, WHO declared the global pandemic.
The term pandemic is used when an infectious disease easily passes from one person to another in several parts of the world at the same time.
Europe and North America registered their first major epidemics in April, but while easing containment measures, Latin America and Asia began to see new peaks of cases.
Governments around the world have been forced to limit the movement of people and shut down trade, workplaces and schools in an attempt to slow the spread of the virus. The strategy had a devastating impact on the global economy.
The damage to the world’s major economies is four times worse than the 2009 global financial crisis, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
Meanwhile, the UN has said that up to 265 million people may die of hunger by the end of the year due to the impact of covid-19 and its consequences.
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