Remembered today (21), World Alzheimer’s Awareness and Prevention Day calls attention to the importance of early diagnosis of the disease as a way to increase the patient’s quality of life for longer. Main degenerative disease in the world, it causes a deterioration of brain functioning with loss of cognitive functions, impairment of attention and memory, among other effects.
According to the International Alzheimer’s Association, about 50 million people worldwide are affected by dementia, the most common being Alzheimer’s. In the world, every 3 seconds a person develops some type of dementia and it is estimated that the number of people in this condition will triple to 152 million in 2050.
The geriatric doctor and professor at the University Santo Amaro Márcio Kamada warns of the importance of early diagnosis of the disease so that treatment can be started as soon as possible, postponing the most severe stages of alzheimer’s. “It is a progressive disease. The treatments will try to delay the evolution of the disease and try to keep the elderly in social life so that they do not become aggressive or have inappropriate social attitudes ”.
He highlighted the need for adequate training of health professionals so that the disease is not treated in its initial phase as disorders such as depression or anxiety “It is very important that doctors who are in primary care of the Unified Health System (SUS) receive training adequate to identify cognitive decline early. Many of the drugs for dementia are available for free on the public network ”.
According to the geriatrician, one of the most important symptoms for early diagnosis is the loss of recent memory. “The person becomes repetitive, asks something he had just asked, since the old memory is preserved, he recalls childhood facts. The elderly forget where they keep the objects, forget the words. Family members realize that he loses the ability to do accounts, to deal with money, to receive change ”.
In a second phase, says Kamada, the elderly person has problems with social interaction because it increases aggressiveness, there is a constant change in mood. In a more advanced stage, the person loses mobility, is unable to eat, change clothes or bathe alone and starts practically on a bed.
Treatment is done with a multidisciplinary team of doctors, physiotherapist, occupational therapist, physical educator, nutritionist, social worker. “But the best treatment is social insertion with family reception and patience”.
SOURCE: Agência Brasil