The COVID-19 pandemic is not over yet, but Dice statistical data collected during six months coping with the disease in Betim, in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte (RMBH), point to a reduction in notifications and new cases of the new coronavirus since the second half of August.
The epidemiological report shows that in the first 20 days of September there was a 42% drop in notifications of new cases of COVID-19 in the municipality. In addition, the study traces a profile of those infected by age group, comorbidities and deaths. Although the virus is still circulating, by calculating the moving average, for the period from September 13 to 19, Betim recorded 150 notifications a day. In July, the average was three times higher, 455 notifications per day.
The profile of the notified patients is mostly brown (47.8%), followed by white (20.9%) and female (52.2%). There was a perception of increased virus circulation within the work environment, with outbreaks occurring.
In these six months of analysis, there were 35 outbreaks of COVID-19 in companies, health units and long-term institutions deprived of liberty in Betim. The situation was aggravated as of June, with 15 outbreaks completed and 20 being monitored by epidemiological surveillance.
Among health professionals, the category that most sought medical attention with flu-like symptoms was the nursing technician / assistant, representing 38.7% of cases. The second place is occupied by nurses, with 10.7%.
The profile of patients positive for COVID-19 is mostly male, whose age group is 60 years old or more, representing 53% of the cases. Heart disease and diabetes were the most reported comorbidities. Despite the higher incidence among men, the highest lethality occurs among women (51.5%), especially in those aged between 40 and 59 years and with 80 years or more.
Deaths from COVID-19
The number of deaths also decreased. Until last Saturday (19), 14 deaths were confirmed by Covid-19, with a maximum of two deaths on the same day. The incidence of deaths, over the previous months, was higher. In July there were 68 deaths and August 75. The first death from the disease in Betim was registered on April 28 and since then the city has accumulated a total of 197 deaths from the new coronavirus.
For 23 deaths, no comorbidities were related. Of these, 15 had age as the only risk factor and eight had no chronic disease or other risk factor.
By the end of the study, September 19, 40,206 cases had been reported: 38,118 cases of flu syndrome (SG) and 2,088 cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The disease incidence rate is 1,289 confirmed cases for every 100 thousand inhabitants. The lethality rate is 3.5%.
Another index that shows the deceleration of the pandemic in Betim is the rate of hospitalization of exclusive beds in Covid-19. On September 20, the occupancy rate for 115 clinical beds was 21%, with 16 inpatients. The occupancy rate of the 105 ICU beds was 57%, with 38 patients.