We know that women tend to be more attentive to their health and, in general, the main concern is focused on the female reproductive system.
However, heart health can and should receive special attention since, currently, cardiovascular diseases in women already exceed the statistics of breast and uterine cancer.
According to recent data from the World Health Organization (WHO), cardiovascular diseases account for one third of deaths worldwide, with 8.5 million deaths per year, that is, more than 23 thousand women per day.
Among Brazilian women, especially over 40 years old, heart diseases represent 30% of the causes of death, the highest rate in Latin America.
Experts recommend that the first visit to the cardiologist should take place around the age of 30 and, for those who have a family history of cardiovascular disease, the monitoring should even begin before.
“As in gynecology, it is essential that women seek regular monitoring by a cardiologist, which includes simple preventive care, such as measuring blood pressure, checking the heart rate and, eventually, requesting laboratory and imaging tests to ensure that everything is well ”, explains Dr. Luciano Carneiro, cardiologist and LATAM Medical Manager at BIOTRONIK.
It is also necessary to be aware of a dangerous and very common combination: use of cigarettes and contraceptives, which triples the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
In addition, over time, the chances of high blood pressure (“high blood pressure”) and elevated blood cholesterol levels increase, especially after menopause.
And, of course, lack of physical activity and inadequate diet lead to overweight and even obesity, which also increase cardiovascular risk.
Attention to the symptoms of infarction
In women, the first symptoms of a heart attack may be different from the symptoms of men, who generally experience severe pain in the chest and arms.
Among them, it is a little more common to experience nausea, weakness, gastric pain or shortness of breath, pain that extends through the back, shoulders and jaw.
These symptoms, which can also manifest themselves in the male population, can easily be confused with other diseases.
Perhaps for this reason, according to experts, the death rate among women who have a heart attack is currently higher than among men.
According to a survey carried out in the United States, of the total number of women with heart disease, 14.6% died, while among men the mortality rate was 10.3%.
Experts believe that much of this difference is due to the fact that the typical painless infarction ends up being more common in women.
“In practice, the population’s lack of knowledge about the signs and symptoms of infarction harms the assistance, which is fatal for many people.
And this is especially true for the female population, who end up ignoring these other signs and symptoms that do not always resemble a heart attack. For this reason, prevention is the best way ”, says Dr. Luciano.
Indication of pacemaker implantation
Cardiac pacemakers are used to treat some bradyarrhythmias and their indication depends on many factors: the severity of the rhythm disorder, the presence of symptoms, the use of drugs that produce bradycardia, the patient’s life expectancy, as well as the presence and severity of comorbidities.
Bradyarrhythmias occur due to a failure in the origin of the electrical impulse or its conduction.
These failures are due to a structural problem in the electrical system of the heart and are detected based on the reporting of symptoms, such as dizziness, fainting, weakness, drowsiness, shortness of breath and chest pain and clinical, laboratory and imaging tests.
The accumulation of cholesterol in “plaques” on the walls that line the coronary arteries (vessels that carry oxygenated blood and keep the heart working), associated with a slow and progressive inflammation of these arteries, is what causes the infarction.
And infarction, as well as several related complications, can also lead to heart rhythm blocks, evolving to the need for the implantation of a cardiac pacemaker.
Current pacemakers offer comfort to the patient, are smaller, have long-lasting batteries and are compatible with magnetic resonance imaging, enabling normal life for patients. THE
BIOTRONIK devices also feature Home Monitoring technology®, which allows remote monitoring of signals by doctors, reducing the need for face-to-face visits and ensuring patient safety in times of pandemic.