Public calamity, emergency situation, flexibility in the budget, exemption from bidding: the different decrees on the coronavirus pandemic that were or are still in force in Espírito Santo can confuse the capixaba’s head. To clarify the differences, A Gazeta revisited the public calamity and emergency decrees that directly influence the way the State deals with the pandemic.
PUBLIC HEALTH EMERGENCY
Right at the beginning of the pandemic, on March 13, Governor Renato Casagrande decreed a state of emergency in public health in Espírito Santo. The text has a sanitary bias and includes measures to prevent and control the coronavirus, such as social isolation and the possibility of restricting the functioning of economic and social activities. Those who break the rules can be punished administratively and respond to legal proceedings. This emergency decree is still in force and does not need to be renewed because its validity is linked to a federal law that establishes control measures during the pandemic.
PUBLIC CALAMITY DECREE APPROVED IN ALES
This decree lasted for four months and was not extended because, in May, a law passed by the National Congress that described budgetary measures to combat the coronavirus came into force, including several budgetary issues already set out in the Espírito Santo text of public calamity.
CALAMITY DECREE SIGNED BY THE GOVERNOR
Also in late March, the governor himself signed a public calamity decree. Unlike the text approved in the Assembly, it did not have to go through the deputies because it did not involve a flexible budget. This decree makes it possible for the government to carry out works and purchase equipment necessary to combat Covid-19 with no bidding, which helps the State to take faster measures.
According to the government, the text is important, among other things, for the work of the Fire Department in combating the pandemic, in addition to providing security for credit lines launched by the government. That decree was valid until this Tuesday (29), which motivated the governor to publish a new text establishing the situation of public calamity for another 180 days.