The death of the Argentine cartoonist was confirmed by his editor, Daniel Divinsky, on Twitter. The cause of death was not announced.
According to the Argentine newspaper Clarín, Quino died after a stroke he suffered last week.
The son of Spaniards, born in 1932, Joaquín Salvador Lavado, known as Quino, designed and published several graphic design books for a more adult audience, in which a corrosive and black humor prevails over social and political reality.
Quino was the creator of the most translated comic strips in the Spanish language. His name will forever be linked to the most famous of his characters: Mafalda, contestant, refilona, pessimist, always with his metaphors about political and social problems.
Faced with serious health problems – he underwent six surgical operations in just 10 years – he stopped drawing regularly in 2006.
In 2014, he won the Prince of Asturias Communication and Humanities Award.
Mafalda, ‘the’ character
Despite being created in 1962, to promote a range of household appliances, the famous cartoon character only appeared for the first time – frowning, with abundant black hair – on September 29, 1964, in the Argentine weekly Primera Plana.
Daughter of a family from the Argentine middle class, Mafalda questions Humanity and the existence of the soup, finger in hand and almost always looking worried. An “angry heroine who refuses the world as it is”, described Umberto Eco in 1969.
Quino has been publishing Mafalda’s comic strips – and a character gallery that includes Manelito, Filipe, Susanita, Miguelito, Liberdade and a turtle called Burocracia – over nine years and in several newspapers, while maintaining the work in the graphic mood drawing.
Against the tide of success, the author decided to stop publishing the weekly strips on June 25, 1973, making exceptions for special requests, such as when he designed Mafalda in 1977 for a UNICEF campaign for children’s rights.
In Portugal, Mafalda was first published in 1970 and since then several albums and special editions have been published.
Today, the Spanish newspaper still recalls Quino’s response when asked what Mafalda would be like today. According to El País, Quino countered that this “wise girl” would probably be dead, because she would be one of the missing persons of the Argentine military dictatorship (1976-1983).
In 2016, in an interview with the Efe agency, on the occasion of the Buenos Aires Book Fair, Quino stated that the current world would be for the character Mafalda “a disaster and a shame”.
“Looking at the things I have done all these years, I realize that I always say the same things and that they remain current. It is terrible … isn’t it?”, Said Quino, regarding his usual themes: “Death, old age, doctors and other things “, such as social injustices, poverty.
Deeply shy and reserved, Quino acknowledged in the same interview that he would like to be remembered as “someone who made people think about things that happen”.