A survey with the participation of USP’s Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics found the first records of the HLA genes in South America. The gene is important for exposing the new coronavirus (Sars-CoV-2) to the body’s defense cells, being fundamental in vaccine development.
The study was carried out using a population genetic information bank, which expanded the group’s genetic database. Thus, the researchers mapped areas of the virus that may be more vulnerable to HLA genes. If applied, the research can facilitate diagnostics and vaccine kits specific to the region.
To the USP newspaper, geneticist and biotechnologist Ruy Diego Chacón said that the database on the most used HLA genes in the world, the Allele Frquency Database, does not have detailed information about the South American continent. “To meet this limitation, we surveyed more than 2,000 genetic studies and generated up-to-date and more representative information on the most common gene variations in countries in the region,” he said.