US President Donald Trump and Democratic candidate Joe Biden will face each other today (29) in Cleveland, Ohio, in the first face-to-face debate of candidates for the November 3 presidential election.
According to the indications of the Presidential Debate Committee, a non-party organization, the central themes will be the Supreme Court, the covid-19, the state of the economy, racial issues and violence in cities, the integrity of the electoral process and the political background of the candidates.
These points were chosen by Fox News representative Chris Wallace, who will moderate the discussion at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland.
These are issues that are on the agenda and that experts believe should be decisive in the presidential election in November, especially among the independent and undecided.
On Saturday, President Donald Trump appointed Conservative Judge Amy Coney Barrett to fill the vacancy left by the death of progressive Ruth Bader Ginsburg in the Supreme Court, a nomination that will have to be confirmed by the Republican-controlled Senate.
The issue is controversial because, in 2016, the same Senate prevented then President Barack Obama from nominating Merrick Garland for Antonin Scalia’s seat in the Supreme Court for more than nine months.
Regarding the covid-19 pandemic, the United States remains the country most affected by the disease, totaling 7.14 million infected and 204,000 dead, according to Johns Hopkins University of Medicine accounts.
The health crisis and the various phases of confinement have had profound effects on the economy, with the number of unemployed approaching 30 million at the end of August.
Street protests over the death of African Americans by the police continue in several cities, four months after the outbreak of demonstrations, when George Floyd was asphyxiated by Derek Chauvin.
The first debate takes place tonight, when millions of Americans have already received ballot papers by mail and have had the opportunity to vote by correspondence or in person, in a mass movement of early voting.
The postal vote, reinforced in this electoral cycle because of the covid-19 pandemic, has been the target of criticism by President Donald Trump and motivated legal clashes between Democrats and Republicans, who want to restrict its use in dozens of states.
With the president raising suspicions about potential fraud in postal voting, the integrity of the electoral process should be one of the most important topics in the debate.
According to the average of national polls, calculated by the FiveThirtyEight platform, Joe Biden (50.1% of the voting intentions) has a seven point advantage over Donald Trump (43.2%).
The meeting between the two candidates will be replicated in two more debates, one on October 15 in Miami, Florida, and the other, the last, on October 22, in Nashville, Tennessee.
On October 7, candidates for vice president – Mike Pence for the Republican side and Kamala Harris for the Democrats – will meet in Salt Lake City, Utah.
Although the covid-19 pandemic has forced significant changes in campaigns, with a focus on virtual events and the call to vote by phone, the debates expected between candidates will take place in person will be broadcast live.