7,474 more deaths between March and October compared to the average of the last five years – Observer

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Since the beginning of the pandemic in Portugal and until 4 October 68,227 people died, 7,474 more deaths compared to the average in the same period of the last five years and of these more than a quarter by Covid-19, according to the INE.

The data appear in the publication of the National Statistics Institute – “Mortality in Portugal in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic” – today released, which indicate that of the more than 7,474 deaths, 2,018 were from people infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

The data correspond to the period between 2 March, the date on which the first cases of Covid-19 in Portugal were diagnosed, until 4 October.

The northern region of the country recorded the “The biggest addition” in the number of deaths in relation to the average of the last five years, except for the last week of June and the first of July, when this increase was higher in the Metropolitan Area of ​​Lisbon.

“In the past three weeks, the biggest contribution has again been to the Lisbon Metropolitan Area ”, indicates the INE in the publication.

In the last four weeks (September 7 to October 4) there were more 867 deaths than average, in the same period, from 2015-2019. During that period, 175 deaths were registered due to infection by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, which causes Covid-19 disease.

Of the total deaths between March 2 and October 4, 33,664 were men and 34,563 women, plus 3,115 and 4,360 deaths, respectively, in relation to the average of deaths observed in the same period of 2015-2019, data from INE are required.

Over 70% of deaths were from people aged 75 and over. Compared to the average number of deaths observed in the same period of 2015-2019, another 6,488 people aged 75 and over died, of which another 5,095 over 85 years of age.

Of the total registered deaths, 40,644 occurred in hospitals and 27,583 outside the hospital context, corresponding to increases of 2,265 deaths and 5,209 deaths, respectively, in relation to the average of deaths in 2015-2019 in the same period.

Analyzing the deaths in 2020, until the 4th of October, INE indicates that 90,300 deaths were registered, higher than 7,096 deaths compared to the average number of deaths for the same period of 2015-2019.

“In the first two months of 2020, the number of deaths was, in general, lower than the average values ​​observed in the last five years. However, in week 11 (9 to 15 March 2020), the number of deaths exceeded the values ​​recorded on average in recent years ”, he stresses.

He also found that “as of the beginning of March, it remains, as a general rule, above the upper limit of this value range ”.

INE states that “one of the most dramatic consequences of the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic is related to the increase in the total number of deaths”, adding that the number of deaths from this disease provides only a partial measure of these effects.

“A more comprehensive measure of the impact on mortality can be provided by the difference between the number of deaths, by all causes of death, in 2020 and the average of the last five years (2015-2019) 1, despite other effects on mortality , such as seasonal flu and peaks or waves of heat or cold ”, he explains.

The information on deaths is obtained from the civil registry data obtained within the scope of the Integrated Civil Registration and Identification System and was collected until October 13th.

The covid-19 pandemic has already killed 2,128 people in Portugal out of 93,294 confirmed cases of infection, according to the most recent bulletin from the Directorate-General for Health.

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