THE Amazonas registered 1,923 new cases of tuberculosis from January to August 2020. Of this total, 1,420 cases (73.8%) were registered in Manaus and the rest were distributed in the other 61 municipalities in the state.
The survey is carried out by the State Tuberculosis Control Program (PECT), from the Amazonas Health Surveillance Foundation (FVS-AM), which warns of the need to adopt measures to prevent the disease.
According to the agency, there was a low fluctuation in the number of new cases of tuberculosis in the comparison between January and August 2020, with the same period last year. In 2019, 2,198 new cases were registered in the state, with 1,586 (72.2%) in the capital. The data are contained in the Ministry of Health’s Information System for Notifiable Diseases (Sinan Net).
For the coordinator of the State Tuberculosis Control Program (PECT / FVS-AM), Marlúcia Garrido, the dropping out of treatment is the main cause for tuberculosis to continue to cause so many deaths.
In Amazonas, up to August, 115 deaths were registered against 125 registered in the same period last year. Of the registered deaths, 78 occurred in Manaus, against 74 last year, in the capital.
The measures to prevent tuberculosis are similar to those to combat Covid-19: use of a respiratory protection mask, which prevents the spread of the bacteria in the environment and protects others from the disease; sanitization of hands; maintain airy environments and the social distance that protects people who live in the same place and also those who circulate in the same space.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease, transmitted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Koch’s bacillus, which can affect other organs, besides the lung.
The initial symptoms are very similar to those of Covid-19, the main symptom being coughing for 15 days or more, chest or back pain, fever, weight loss, lack of appetite and night sweating. The time of evolution of tuberculosis is slower than that of Covid-19 and the disease can take months or years.
The coordinator of the State Tuberculosis Control Program (PECT / FVS-AM), Marlúcia Garrido, warns that cough lasting more than two weeks can now be investigated as a suspected case of tuberculosis.
Whoever presents suspicious symptoms of tuberculosis, it is recommended to seek medical attention at a Basic Health Unit (UBS), where the sample must be collected and sent to the reference laboratory for detection of the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.
In Amazonas, laboratory analyzes are carried out in district laboratories in the capital and in municipal laboratories, in the interior of the state, under the monitoring of the Central Public Health Laboratory of Amazonas (Lacen / FVS-AM), which is a national reference unit for diagnosis complex cases of tuberculosis.
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