Chemistry Nobel Prize goes to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna for the discovery of Crispr, a genome editing method | Science and Health

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Emmanuelle Charpentier e Jennifer A. Doudna won the Nobel Prize 2020 in Chemistry, announced the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on Wednesday (7), for the discovery of the Crispr, genome editing method. It is the first time in history that two women have won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry together.

Understand what Crispr is

  • Emmanuelle Charpentier, 51-year-old French, is director of the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin.
  • Jennifer Doudna, a 56-year-old American, is a professor at the University of California at Berkeley, in the United States.

Charpentier spoke to the press shortly after the award was announced and answered a question about her and Doudna being the first women to jointly win the Nobel Prize.

“I would like to send a positive message to girls who would like to follow the path of science. I think we have shown them that, in principle, a woman in science can have an impact on the science that they are doing. I hope Jennifer Doudna and I we can send a strong message to the girls “, he declared.

The winners will share the amount of SEK 10 million (about R $ 6.3 million).

Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna are the winners of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, announced the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on Wednesday (7), for the development of Crispr, a method of genome editing. – Photo: Nobel

Before Charpentier and Doudna, five women had already won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Marie Curie (1911), Irène Joliot-Curie (1935), Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1964), Ada E. Yonath (2009) and Frances H. Arnold ( 2018).

  • Women make up only 5% of Nobel Prize winners since 1901

With the victory of the two scientists, the Nobel Prize already has three laureates this year. The first was Andrea Ghez, who shared the award with two scientists for their research on black holes.

Understand Crispr – Photo: Betta Jaworski / G1

The laureate in Medicine was the first to be announced, on Monday (5), for the discovery of the hepatitis C virus. The prize in Physics, released on Tuesday (6), went to research on black holes (see video below).

Meet the Nobel Prize winners 2020

Meet the Nobel Prize winners 2020

The prizes in Literature e Paz will also be delivered this week; the Economics degree will be announced next Monday (12). See the schedule:

  • Medicine: Monday, October 5
  • Physical: Tuesday, October 6
  • Chemistry: Wednesday, October 7
  • Literature: Thursday, October 8
  • Paz: Friday, October 9
  • Economy: Monday, October 12

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