Parents or guardians should look for health facilities to immunize children aged 12 months to under 5 years old with an extra dose of droplets and update the booklet for children and adolescents under 15 years old.
In Porto Alegre, the campaign’s goal is to vaccinate 61,784 children against polio, 95% of the total of 65,036 children aged 12 months to under 5 years.
With the multivaccination, the idea is to guarantee protection against several vaccine-preventable diseases and improve vaccination coverage.
The campaign takes place across the country.
Vaccination for children
Hepatitis B; Polio 1, 2, 3; Poliomyelitis 1 and 3; Human rotavirus G1P1; DTP + Hib + HB; Pneumococcal 10 brave; Meningococcal C; Yellow fever; Measles, Mumps and Rubella; Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Chickenpox; Hepatitis A; BCG; Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis; Diphtheria, Tetanus; Human papillomavirus; Varicella; Pneumococcal 23-valent, indicated for indigenous population from 5 years of age. The BCG vaccine is applied in maternity hospitals and in reference health units.
Vaccination for adolescents
Hepatitis B; Diphtheria, Tetanus; Yellow fever; Measles, Mumps and Rubella; Human papillomavirus; Meningococcal ACWY; Pneumococcal 23-valent, indicated for indigenous population.
There are three types of polio viruses – types 1, 2 and 3 – and vaccination is the only form of prevention. The disease can be transmitted directly from one person to another. Contagion of the virus occurs through the mouth, with material contaminated with feces (contact through water or food infected by the virus) and carries a greater risk when sanitary and hygiene conditions are poor.
The disease can also be transmitted orally, through droplets expelled when speaking, coughing or sneezing. The virus initially multiplies where it enters the body (mouth, throat and intestines). Then it goes into the bloodstream and can reach the nervous system, depending on the infected person. Whether or not symptoms develop, the person eliminates the virus in the stool, so it is always important to maintain good hygiene.
Open health clinic in the city of Santa Rosa, in the northwest of the state – Photo: André Pereira / RBS TV