Even with the high incidence in the population, studies indicate that 90% of stroke cases can be avoided. Therefore, doctors point out 10 ways to prevent the disease.
Among them, one of the most important is the practice of physical exercises, the theme of the World Struggle Day campaign. It is estimated that a sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of the disease by 36%.
“Physical activity is very important because, directly and indirectly, it will prevent several risk factors that are interconnected”, said the neurologist and stroke coordinator at the Central State Hospital, Rúbia Sfalsini.
Cardiologist Kátia Vasconcellos guides you to adopt healthy eating habits (Photo: Disclosure)
Cardiologist Kátia Vasconcellos, from Cardioservice, pointed out that changes in lifestyle, by reducing the consumption of salt, fats and alcohol; adoption of healthy eating habits, with intake of more vegetables: fruits and vegetables can prevent a stroke.
People with comorbidities such as high blood pressure and cardiac arrhythmias are more likely to have a stroke.
“These patients must follow up and control with the doctor, do not smoke, and keep the blood tests as expected, that is, with acceptable levels of lipids (fat)”, warned the cardiologist.
The president of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology – Regional Espírito Santo, Tatiane Emerich, stressed that maintaining good habits, controlled blood pressure and a good night’s sleep can prevent not only stroke, but also other cardiovascular diseases.
“Most strokes could be prevented. You need to keep check-up and routine appointments up to date. There are people who reach adulthood without ever taking blood pressure ”.
Although more common in the elderly, people under 60 may also be surprised by the disease.
The neurologist and coordinator of the Stroke Unit at the Central State Hospital, José Antônio Fiorot Junior, explains that in young people these cases represent 20% of strokes, and the causes are usually genetic, with diseases that increase the chances of forming thrombi in the body.
Young people with obesity, hypertension and high cholesterol are also more likely to have the disease, according to cardiologist Kátia Vasconcellos.
1 – Regular physical activity
- According to doctors, a sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of stroke by up to 36%.
- Therefore, they state that the practice of physical activity, which can even be a walk, can positively reverse this scenario.
- The practice of physical activity has been the theme of this year’s campaign to combat strokes, due to concern for people inside the home because of the new coronavirus pandemic.
2 – Weight control
- Another risk factor for cardiovascular disease is overweight, obesity and abdominal fat, which need to be controlled.
3 – Good nutrition
- Experts warn of a healthy diet, rich in “real food”, that is, natural foods. One guideline is to avoid ultra-processed foods.
4 – Say no to the cigarette
- Smoking is one of the great villains in ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. Therefore, the use of cigarettes should also be avoided.
5 – Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
- Abuse of alcoholic beverages is also related to increased blood pressure and risk of disease.
6 – Manage your stress
- Stress also comes as one of the factors, since it can cause an increase in blood pressure, which favors stroke.
- In this sense, among the tips is to enjoy happy family moments, meditate, do activities that give pleasure, in addition to spirituality.
7 – Blood pressure under control
- It is estimated that half of the strokes are linked to high blood pressure. So knowing your blood pressure and keeping it under control with medication or lifestyle changes makes a difference.
8 – Treat your diabetes
- Diabetes and stroke also share a number of risk factors. Keeping diabetes under control also helps prevent stroke.
9 – Good cholesterol levels
- One in four strokes is linked to high levels of bad cholesterol (LDL). Therefore, it is necessary to maintain control over their levels, especially with proper nutrition, exercise or even use of medication.
10 – Check-up on time
- Periodic medical follow-up should also be up to date. With updated exams and assessments, it is possible to control the other risk factors.