Breast cancer is the one that most affects women in Brazil. The National Cancer Institute (INCA) estimates that 30% of new cancers among women this year will be of this type. These patients will have to undergo cancer treatment, which can result in infertility.
Experts confirm that fertility can be affected throughout the process. That’s because drugs and common therapies in cases of cancer can damage the eggs.
However, the good news for this Pink October, a month of awareness about breast disease, is that there are alternatives to seek a cure for the disease, keeping the dream of motherhood alive.
One of the options is the freezing of eggs and embryos. “This procedure must be done before therapy, that is, the cancer treatment is started”, explains the doctor Condermar Marcondes, specialist in human reproduction.
The technique, however, requires some care. Condesmar says that the collection must be after the controlled ovarian stimulus. The procedure can take three weeks.
However, before starting this procedure, it is necessary to assess the patient’s clinical condition. This is because the high doses of hormones, necessary for ovarian stimulation, can generate the growth of sensitive tumors, including breast cancer.
Therefore, this type of ovarian stimulation is recommended only for women who do not have hormone-sensitive tumors and when cancer treatment does not begin immediately after the discovery of the pathology.
For cases like these, it is recommended to adopt different procedures, with modified ovarian stimulation. This treatment lasts up to 12 days.
In addition to these, the doctor may indicate other techniques to maintain the patient’s fertility. “Among other alternatives, it is also possible to freeze ovarian tissue or try to transpose the ovaries. However, each case must be studied, so that the professional indicates the path with the lowest risk for the woman and the greatest probability of success after the cancer treatment. “, highlights Condesmar.