Half of childhood vaccines do not hit goal for five years, says Ministry of Health


The greatest coverage achieved was the pneumococcal vaccine, with a rate of 71.98%. In 2019, it reached 88.59% of the target audience. (Photo: Reproduction)

SÃO PAULO, SP (FOLHAPRESS) – Among the 15 vaccines on the Brazilian children’s calendar, which includes immunization against polio, half have not met their goals since 2015.

In 2018, only two unique ones reached the expected coverage: BCG, with 99.72% immunization of the target audience, and the vaccine against human rotavirus, with 91.33%. For both, the goal is to exceed 90%. Last year, none of the 15 vaccines reached the target.

This year, until October 2, 2020, the immunization rate for BCG reached 63.88%, and for rotavirus, 68.46%. The greatest coverage achieved was the pneumococcal vaccine, with a rate of 71.98%. In 2019, it reached 88.59% of the target audience.

The information was released on Friday (16) by the general coordinator of the National Immunization Program (PNI) of the Ministry of Health, Francieli Fontana, during the National Immunization Day.

Although there is still no real assessment of the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on vaccine coverage, the health crisis is expected to make this scenario even worse, a phenomenon that has already been felt globally, according to Fontana.

The partial numbers released this Saturday (17), during the “D” Day of vaccination, show that, in relation to the polio vaccine, the rates are still well below the target.

In the capital of São Paulo, more than 33 thousand doses of the vaccine were applied, in addition to 67 thousand doses of other vaccines to update the passbooks of children under 1 year old, and of children and adolescents from 5 to 14 years old.

Since October 5, 47,343 children aged 1 to 4 years have been vaccinated against polio, which represents a vaccination coverage of 8% during the campaign, according to partial data from the Municipal Health Department.

In the state of São Paulo, more than 268 thousand doses of the polio vaccine were applied, which corresponds to 12.1% coverage of the desired audience (95%, equivalent to 2.1 million children).

As for the other vaccines, 113.6 thousand babies under 1 year of age attended the posts, with 69% needing to update their vaccination card (78.4 thousand).

In the range of 5 to 14 years old, 171.4 thousand sought vaccination services, with vaccine applied in 77.6 thousand (45.3% of the total).

Preliminary data indicate that at least half of the public that is going to the posts has some pending issues in the book, according to the State Department of Health. The campaign runs until the 30th.

This Saturday afternoon, Folha visited three health units on the east side and did not observe long lines. But the children were not released before waiting at least 20 minutes.

At UBS Vila Bertioga, businesswoman Egle Santos, 26, waited about 30 minutes to get her daughter Manuela, 2 years old 4 months old, vaccinated against measles and polio. There were seven people waiting.

At UBS Água Rasa, 20 people were in line. “I saw a lot of people giving up and leaving, because they have no patience,” said the self-employed Andréa Moseli, 40, after vaccinating her daughter Bruna, 4, against polio.

At the Dr. Ítalo Domingos Le Vocci Specialties Clinic, in Mooca, around 4:30 pm, only two children were waiting in the waiting room.


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