Inflation felt by the low-income population accelerated in September, according to data released this Tuesday (6th) by Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV). The Consumer Price Index – Class 1 (IPC-C1) – which measures the variation in prices of products and services for families with an income between one and 2.5 minimum wages – was 0.89% last month, against 0 , 55% in August.
With the result, the indicator accumulates an increase of 3.13% in the year and 4.54% in the last 12 months.
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The IPC-Br, which measures the price variation for families with an income of one to 33 minimum monthly wages, was 0.82% in September, coming from 0.53%. With the result, it accumulated a 3.62% increase in 12 months, remaining at a level below the inflation felt by the poorest.
The main difference between the IPC-C1 and the IPC-Br is in the weighting of the basket of products and services to arrive at the final indicator. For poorer families, for example, food tends to be more relevant, and private education, less, within the total expenditure.
In the accumulated result for the year, inflation for the poorest families is more than double that recorded by the Broad Consumer Price Index – 15 (IPCA-15), considered a preview of the country’s official inflation.
Highs and falls in the month
September highlights of the Consumer Price Index – Class 1 (IPC-C1) – Photo: Disclosure / FGV
Of the 8 groups of components of the index, 3 increased from August to September: Food (0.76% to 2.23%), Education, Reading and Recreation (0.09% to 2.44%) and Clothing ( -0.42% to 0.12%).
Among the items with the highest increase in the month, rice and beans (1.02% to 10.64%), airfare (2.77% to 39.19%) and clothing (-0.54% to 0, 12%).
On the other hand, there was a drop in the prices of the Health and Personal Care groups (0.61% to -0.10%), Miscellaneous Expenses (0.58% to 0.26%), Housing (0.61% to 0, 54%), Communication (0.12% to 0.04%) and Transport (0.68% to 0.61%). In these expense categories, the highlights were the items: doctor, dentist and others (0.57% to -1.49%), banking services (0.81% to 0.08%), residential electricity tariff (1% to 0.22%), monthly subscription TV (0.44% to 0.07%) and gasoline (2.68% to 1.67%).
Index used to readjust rent rises much more than inflation