During the month of October, the Ministry of Health launched a national multivaccination campaign. According to the agency, only 51% of children in the country had all vaccines in 2020, the target of the calendar is at least 90%. In all, 18 vaccines are part of the national program and will be available on the public health network for children and adolescents under 15 years of age.
One of the doses available, for example, is the polio vaccine, for children aged one to five years. Brazil has been free of the disease for 30 years, but the drop in vaccination coverage is worrying. In 2019, only 83% of children took the three doses of the vaccine. Another pathology, measles, has also been eradicated from the country, but it has again frightened by the drop in vaccination and the growth of cases in the country.
This year, with the Covid-19 pandemic and Brazil being the epicenter of the disease, getting the vaccine becomes even more crucial, to avoid cross-infection, as explained by Cassems’ Health Assistance director, Maria Auxiliadora Budib. “In order to protect the population from pathologies that have an impact on the immune system, vaccination is essential to protect the body against infectious agents. In times of a pandemic crisis, the vaccine not only reduces the incidence of disease cases, but also facilitates accurate diagnosis for Covid ”.
The infectologist Priscila Alexandrino points out that, despite the eradication of some diseases, it is still necessary to pay attention to the question of the vaccine. “Some diseases have been eradicated in Brazil. Smallpox, for example, and measles, which is back. But we live in a globalized world, viruses and microorganisms circulate within people and, if they do not vaccinate, these outbreaks return and in a worse way, because the population has no immunization, neither by disease nor by vaccine ”.