Third party parties and independent candidates are also up for grabs. Although they have no real chance of winning the dispute, they can influence the final result. In the last presidential election in 2016, more than 7.6 million Americans voted for a candidate other than Donald Trump or Hillary Clinton.
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Jill Stein, then a Green Party candidate, received more votes in Michigan, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania than the difference by which Trump defeated Hilllary in each of those states.
In 2000, in Florida’s controversial vote recount election, Green Party candidate Ralph Nader received more than 97,000 votes in the state, far more than the 537 who declared George W. Bush to win over Democrat Al Gore.
Newspapers highlight Bush’s tight victory over Al Gore in the 2000 elections. The Republican won by just 537 votes in Florida, the state that secured the presidency. Green Party candidate Ralph Nader received 97,500 votes in the state – Photo: Henny Ray Abrams / AFP / Archive
Bush’s victory in Florida gave him the most votes in the Electoral College and the victory in the presidential election.
The impact of these parties in the 2020 election, however, is expected to be less. Many candidates are struggling to register in some states and should not have their names printed on ballot papers.
In September, the Wisconsin Supreme Court, for example, ruled that Green Party candidate Howie Hawkins would be disqualified because of discrepancies in the addresses listed by his candidate for vice president. With the decision, his name should not appear on the state ballot papers.
Rapper Kanye West, who announced his candidacy in July, is officially on the ballots of only 11 states and has even asked voters to write his name on the ballots.
In addition to the impact they may have on the final result, minor candidates often enter the contest to draw attention to topics that they consider relevant, such as environmental issues, free access to health, universal basic income, among others.
Meet the candidates vying for votes with Trump and Biden:
Jo Jorgensen is a professor of psychology at Clemson University and a candidate for the Libertarian Party in a composite list with Jeremy ‘Spike’ Cohen as deputy.
She is the first woman nominated for the presidency by the party. In 1996, she was a candidate for vice president on the Harry Browne ticket.
Candidate Jo Jorgensen during a Libertarian Party convention in July – Photo: Disclosure
As the most prominent woman in the presidential race, Jorgensen “borrowed” the slogan “I’m with her”, used by Hillary Clinton in 2016.
Jorgensen is against big federal programs, mass incarceration and foreign military operations. She defends a smaller government and blames the Democratic and Republican parties for the increase in national debt and the skyrocketing health costs.
Howie Hawkins is running for the Green Party alongside Angela Nicole Walker. He won the party’s nomination in June, after winning over 176 delegates during the primaries.
Hawkins is a veteran of the Marine Corps who served in the Vietnam War. His deputy Walker also served in the army and is a labor activist.
Green Party candidate Howie Hawkins – Photo: Disclosure
Longtime environmental activist, Hawkins previously ran for governor of New York in 2010, 2014 and 2018 and was the first candidate to campaign for a “Green New Deal”.
The term is a proposed package of laws that suggests transforming the US economy to tackle inequality and climate change.
Its proposals also include health programs for all and guaranteed minimum income.
Roque ‘Rocky’ De La Fuente
Roque ‘Rocky’ De La Fuente is the candidate of the Alliance Party for the presidency of the United States. Darcy Richardson composes the ticket as vice.
Roque De La Fuente – Photo: Disclosure
The 65-year-old businessman has run for different positions across the country, including U.S. president in 2016, mayor of New York City, deputy in California and senator for nine different states.
De La Fuente urges voters to reject the American bipartisan system and advocates the creation of a unique health system, a comprehensive reform of the immigration system and investments in renewable energy.
Former coal executive Don Blankenship runs as a candidate for the Constitution Party. His running mate is William Mohr.
Don Blankenship, candidate of the Constitution Party – Photo: Disclosure
In 2010, he was convicted of conspiracy to violate mine safety laws after explosion that left 29 miners dead. He served a year in prison and says the conviction was unfair.
Blankenship tried to get elected to the Senate in 2018 and supports most conservative issues, including ending the right to abortion, defending firearms and building walls on the border.
Rapper Kanye West competes as an independent member of his own party, which he calls “Birthday Party”, in a pun on the word “party”, which can be understood as “party” or “party”.
Michelle Tidball, a Wyoming preacher who defines herself as a “biblical life coach”, is the runner-up.
Kanye West speaks in a campaign video for the US presidency – Photo: Reproduction / Twitter / kanyewest
The 43-year-old musician launched his campaign in July, raising speculation about the goal of running for the presidential election. West, who once supported the Trump administration, insists he is in the running to win the presidency.
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Among the proposals are conservative ideas such as prayer in classrooms and strong national defense. He has also made statements against the right to abortion. The rapper, however, also advocates for more liberal issues, such as police reform and a commitment to renewable energy.
Brock Pierce is a cryptocurrency entrepreneur and competes on an independent slate with Karla Ballard as vice. Singer and producer Akon participates in the campaign as chief strategist.
Brock Pierce, independent candidate for the presidency of the USA – Photo: Disclosure
Pierce is 39 years old and is a co-founder of the Tether cryptocurrency. As a child, he starred in Disney films, including “The Mighty Ducks” (released in Brazil as “We Are the Champions”) and “First Kid” (“Sinbad – Making my Bodyguard Crazy”).
Its proposals include the legalization of marijuana, universal basic income, health care for all, improved and expanded immigration system and the elimination of carbon emissions in the USA in 20 years.
Brian T. Carroll is a retired professor and competes for the American Solidarity Party, created in 2011. His running mate is Amar Patel.
Brian T. Carroll, candidate for the American Solidarity Party – Photo: Disclosure
The 70-year-old Californian declared his candidacy in April 2019. His campaign slogan is “#WholeLife”, which refers to his commitment to defend life at all levels.
Carroll is against abortion, the death penalty and assisted death. It supports health for all and protection of the environment. Carroll believes that “a fair economy, a peaceful world and a healthy environment are vital issues,” according to his campaign website.
Gloria La Riva is the candidate of the Party for Socialism and Liberation for the presidency of the USA. Sunil Freeman accompanies the ticket as vice.
Gloria La Riva during a protest in Washington, USA, in 2019 – Photo: Elvert Barnes / Creative Commons 2.0
This is the tenth time that the 66-year-old candidate has run for president or vice president. La Riva was nominated by the Party for Socialism and Liberation in 2008 and 2016. She also ran for the government of California twice and for the mayor of San Francisco once.
Its platform focuses on climate change, human rights, eradicating racism and police brutality, free education and health and LGBTQ rights. La Riva also defends the replacement of capitalism by a socialist system, defense and expansion of unions and the taking of money from banks, large corporations and billionaires.
Unionist Alyson Kennedy runs alongside Malcolm Jarrett for the Socialist Workers’ Party.
Alyson ran for the U.S. presidency in 2016 and was the Socialist Workers Party candidate for vice president in 2008. She also ran for Dallas City Hall in 2019 and tried for a seat in the US Senate in 2010.