Truck manufacturers are leading the way in producing more sustainable vehicles in the Brazil, whether with electric models or powered by natural gas (CNG) or biomethane, obtained from the degradation of organic products. After two years of testing, the Volkswagen Trucks and Buses (VWCO) will start in March 2021, at the Resende (RJ), the series production of the first 100 e-Delivery electric trucks, developed in the country.
A National Mobility Factory (FNM) promises for November the start of production of electric trucks in Caxias do Sul (RS) and the delivery of the first four units in the following month. THE Scania opted for CNG or biomethane as the most viable solution for the moment.
According to the VWCO president Roberto Cortes, the facilities that will house the final line of electric vehicles is nearing completion. For now, test models have been made at a pilot plant. Following the modular consortium model adopted for the production of diesel trucks and buses, the Rio complex will have eight component suppliers, including the manufacturer of electric motors path, a Moura it’s at Catlus, which will make adaptations to imported batteries and Bosch, which is already in place.
For now, VWCO’s customers are Ambev and its distributors, who intend to purchase 1,600 trucks by 2023. According to Cortes, the beverage company placed the order for the first 100 units and confirmed the purchase intention of the others.
“Deliveries will take place starting in June,” says Cortes. According to him, the coronavirus delayed the plans of the brand that, in the future, hopes to export the models to South America, Mexico e South Africa.
E-Delivery will initially be used for deliveries in Sao Paulo e Rio de Janeiro, where Ambev is installing its own solar power plants to recharge its batteries, whose autonomy is 200 kilometers with a full charge. Company calculations indicate that the use of 100 trucks will avoid the emission of around 1.54 thousand tons of CO² in the atmosphere and 583 thousand liters of diesel will no longer be used.
Cortes does not reveal the price of each truck, but informs that, given the cost of the battery, which is imported, it should be between 2 and 2.8 times more expensive than the diesel version, which costs R $ 230 thousand.
“Tests carried out by Ambev show that the operational cost of e-Delivery is 60% to 70% lower than that of the diesel model, so the investment pays off faster”, says Cortes. The executive continues to discuss the reduction of taxes with the government to encourage the use of this type of vehicle, as in the case of Europe.
In a note, the vice president of Sustainability and Supplies at Ambev, Rodrigo Figueiredo, says that “the partnership (with VWCO) is a historic landmark and the agreement is one of the largest in the world, with innovation being developed in Brazil”. He adds that the company is open to sharing technology and learning with other companies that are interested in having a more sustainable truck fleet.
In the case of FNM, or Fenemê, as the acronym of the company that operated in Brazil for four decades and was acquired by local businessmen, the production of electric trucks will be in the facilities of the state of Rio Grande do Sul Agrale.
The project is led by entrepreneurs Jose Antonio e Alberto Martins, sons of José Antonio Fernandes Martins, former executive of Marcopolo and one of the company’s shareholders. Much of the components, such as battery, engine and digital system will be imported from the USA.
Scania, for its part, has so far sold 50 units of the CNG / biomethane truck, which, depending on the amount of methane in the mixture, can be up to 90% less polluting than diesel. Before the pandemic, the intention was to sell 100 units this year.