Shortness of breath is not always Covid-19; know how to identify your problem


One of the symptoms currently in evidence due to the coronavirus, shortness of breath may be a consequence of health problems that go far beyond Covid-19, and which also deserve attention. Among the causes that can cause the problem, there are cardiological, respiratory, pulmonary and even psychosomatic diseases, those of psychological origin that end up generating physical consequences.

According to allergist and immunologist Marcello Bossois, it is common to treat the lung as the sole responsible for an eventual shortness of breath, but it is not quite like this:

– Sometimes the patient forgets to take care of the upper airways, such as nose, sinuses, throat and pharynx, places where rhinitis or sinusitis may occur. I include here the stomach, where esophageal gastric reflux disease can develop, capable of generating shortness of breath – stresses Bossois, technical coordinator of the Brasil Sem Alergia social project, adding that, during the pandemic, 25% of the patients who seek health services emergencies reporting difficulty breathing and suspected infection present psychosomatic conditions.

In cases of shortness of breath and a feeling of suffocation in anxiety attacks, psychologist Ronaldo Coelho says that the ideal is to pay attention to breathing:

– The concentration should be simply to release the air, with force. When the person is in a crisis, instead of breathing out, they just pull. You should only release the air with great force and relax your body.

Sign that must be looked at carefully

For Irma de Godoy, president of the Brazilian Society of Pulmonology and Tisiology (SBPT), shortness of breath is a warning sign that needs to be well observed, especially by those who have never experienced the symptom before.

– If the patient starts to have shortness of breath, he must seek immediate attention so that the doctor can define the cause. Only the professional will be able to assess the symptom, characterize it properly to know if that shortness of breath is due to a heart, lung, anemia problem, etc. – guides Godoy, pointing out that the symptom affects up to 25% of the population and up to 50% of people with serious illnesses.

Controlling the environment is also very important. Hair and feathers, for example, are some agents that may be responsible for allergic processes. Check out the tips above to avoid the problem.


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