The Sudanese government and the main rebel leaders of the country signed on Saturday (3) a peace agreement in Juba, capital of neighboring South Sudan, with the objective of ending 17 years of war.
The presidents of Ethiopia and Chad and the prime ministers of Egypt and Uganda were among the regional and political authorities at the event.
The agreement signed today confirms the preliminary sealed by three large groups on August 31 – two factions in the western region of Darfur and one in the southern region – after months of negotiations promoted by South Sudan.
Another powerful rebel group, the North Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, led by Abdelaziz al-Hilu, who had not participated in the initial peace talks, agreed last month to join the new negotiations.
Civilian holds poster while celebrating the signing of the peace agreement between the Sudanese government and rebels in Juba, South Sudan – Photo: Samir Bol / Reuters
The agreement stipulates that armed movements must be dismantled and that their fighters must join the official army, which will reorganize to be representative of all components of the Sudanese people.
Sudanese paramilitary commander Mohamed Hamdan Daglo, known by his nickname “Hemeti”, signed the agreement on the side of Khartoum. On the part of the rebels, the document was signed by a representative of the Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SFR) and other leaders of armed groups.
Other major rebel groups, however, have not signed the document, which raises doubts about the real application of the agreement.