Unemployment rate reaches 14.4% and is the highest in the pandemic


RIO – The unemployment rate in the country rose from 13.7% in the third week of September to 14.4% in the fourth week of the month, according to data from National Household Survey Covid (Pnad Covid-19), released by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), this Friday, 16.

In just one week, there was an increase in the number of people seeking employment, and a reduction in the total number of employed workers.

The unemployed population was estimated at 14 million people in the week of September 20 to 26, about 700 thousand more than in the previous week, when this population totaled 13.3 million. For IBGE, the result is considered to be statistically stable.

“Although the information on unemployment has been stable in the weekly comparison, it suggests that more people are putting pressure on the market in search of work, amid the easing of social distance measures and the resumption of economic activities”, says the research coordinator , Maria Lucia Vieira.

The total number of employed persons was 83 million in the fourth week of September, 700 thousand less than the level of the previous week, when 83.7 million people were employed.

About 2.7 million workers, equivalent to 3.3% of the employed population, were on leave from work due to social isolation measures in the fourth week of September. The result represents about 100 thousand people less than the level of a week before, when this contingent totaled 2.8 million or 3.4% of the employed population.

The employed population and not on leave was estimated at 77.9 million people, compared to a contingent of 78.2 million workers registered in the previous week.

In the fourth week of September, 7.9 million people worked remotely. In the previous week, there were 7.8 million people in remote work.

The population outside the labor force – who were neither working nor looking for work – totaled 73.4 million in the fourth week of September, about 200 thousand less than the 73.6 million registered in the previous week. Among the inactive, about 25.6 million people, or 34.8% of the population outside the workforce, said they would like to work. Approximately 15.3 million inactive people who would like to work claimed that they did not seek work because of the pandemic or because they did not find an occupation in the area where they lived.

The occupancy level was 48.7% in the fourth week of September, compared to 49.1% in the previous week. The informality rate was 34.2% in the fourth week of September, compared to 33.6% in the previous week.

This is the latest release of the weekly survey. The collection of data by telephone will continue, to subsidize the monthly editions of the survey, which should continue until the end of the year, bringing data by unit of the federation and disaggregations according to sociodemographic and work characteristics.

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