Although he said that in the “live” of this Thursday (19) he would announce the countries that, according to him, buy illegal wood from Brazil, President Jair Bolsonaro did not show, during the live broadcast, the list with the names of these countries.
On Tuesday (17), when participating in the Brics summit in the morning, Bolsonaro said that countries criticize Brazil for deforestation, but buy illegal wood from the country. He then stated that he would publish the list of these countries “in the coming days”.
On Wednesday (18), at the entrance to the Palácio da Alvorada, Bolsonaro said that the list would be presented this Thursday, during the weekly live broadcast he makes on a social network.
“Tomorrow [quinta,19], on live, we will show the countries that accuse us of deforesting, but import our wood clandestinely, ok? “, declared the president on Wednesday.” We will do it, we will show everything tomorrow “, he added.
During the live broadcast, however, the list was not displayed. In addition, Bolsonaro said he would not accuse “any country”.
“We are not going to accuse any country here of committing any crime or colluding in a crime, but companies that could be helping us to fight this crime,” said the president in the broadcast.
The president was accompanied by the Minister of Justice and Public Security, André Mendonça, and the superintendent of the Federal Police in Amazonas, Alexandre Saraiva.
The president again affirmed that countries criticize Brazil’s environmental policy for economic reasons.
“It is a great economic game that exists between some countries in the world, especially to reach us because we are really potential in agribusiness, the commodities that come from the countryside, and they exactly want to reduce our competition,” said Bolsonaro.
During the live, the president said that France is one of the countries that buy wood from Brazil. In the broadcast, the president does not make it clear whether the country buys timber legally or not.
“I saw here that there are several countries with imported wood annually, if you take it there is even France here,” he declared.
For Bolsonaro, France is a competing country in the area of commodities. “For us to move forward in the agreement with the European Union with Mercosur, it is exactly in France, we are doing our best, but France in its own defense hinders us in this regard”, added Bolsonaro.
A survey by the Institute of Man and Environment of the Amazon (Imazon) showed that, from August 2017 to July 2018, 70% of the exploitation of wood in Pará was illegal. Agronomist Beto Veríssimo, co-founder of Imazon, interviewed in this Thursday’s edition of the podcast The subject, said that in the last decade about 60% to 70% of the wood on the domestic market in the country was illegally harvested.
Veríssimo also stated that the majority of all native wood extracted in the country, 80%, goes to the domestic market. The rest, 20%, is mainly exported to Europe and the United States. The foreign market, according to Veríssimo, is very strict regarding the legality of wood. According to a specialist, it is much more difficult for illegal timber to be shipped abroad than to be sold within Brazil.
“The export goes through a greater sorting. The importing countries carry out a more rigorous verification, not only from the point of view of legality, but also of additional measures on who has a green seal, independent audits”, he said.
“You [o vendedor de madeira ilegal] you have to overcome barriers to leave Brazil and reach the other side. As our market is the United States and the European Union, these barriers are
much bigger than a truck that leaves the Amazon and goes to the Northeast or to São Paulo “, added Veríssimo.
Deforestation of large areas
The professor at the Institute of Amazonian Agriculture at the Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Maurício Torres, also interviewed in the O Subject podcast, explained that the deforestation of large areas in the Amazon forest, registered by the inspection bodies, is not intended to extract wood for sale.
Illegal logging is selective and seeks specific species of trees. In large areas, the operation for deforestation is expensive and ends up extracting trees that are not suitable for trade.
Selective logging, according to Torres, is as damaging as widespread deforestation, because it extinguishes tree species in a region and leaves the vegetation cover unprotected with shrubs and vines.
“It drains certain species from an area. It is invisible deforestation. It impacts the forest severely. As it maintains the cover of vine and shrubs, it is not detected as deforestation. [pelos sistema de fiscalização aérea]”, said Torres.
*The article has been translated based on the content of Source link by https://g1.globo.com/politica/noticia/2020/11/19/apos-dizer-que-divulgaria-em-live-bolsonaro-nao-cita-paises-que-compram-madeira-ilegal-do-brasil.ghtml
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