Viradouro pays homage to “the first feminists in Brazil” and is champion of Carnival 2020 in Rio | Culture


By taking the Bahia to the Sambadrome in Rio de Janeiro, Unidos do Viradouro became, this Wednesday, champion of the Rio Carnival. Signed by the carnival couple Tarcísio Zanon and Marcus Ferreira, the plot Washed Soul honored the Bahian musical group As Ganhadeiras de Itapuã, which makes samba de roda, to address female protagonism in Brazilian history. Vermelho e Branco de Niterói, as Viradouro is known, returns to take the title after 23 years – last year, it was runner-up with a storyline about enchanted stories. The school left Grande Rio behind in second place, followed by Mocidade, Beija-Flor, Salgueiro and Hose. União da Ilha and Estácio de Sá were demoted to the Access Group in 2021.

The plot of Viradouro had already won the Golden Standard on Tuesday (02/25) – the newspaper’s popular vote award The globe-. “Our life changed with this parade, not only through the media, but through our own self-knowledge. We understand that we represent millions of women who struggle every day for survival. There is a social growth in this ”, commented Ivana Soares, producer of the band As Ganhadeiras de Itapuã to the Bahian newspaper Mail.

With allegories and luxurious fantasies, Viradouro was one of the schools that most animated the public of Sapucaí, since the front commission, which brought an athlete in synchronized swimming, Anna Giulia, like a mermaid in a seven thousand liter aquarium of water. The baianas wing, who represented grocers, with skirts embroidered with abarás, acarajés and tapiocas, threw coconuts into the stands.

With the influence of afoxé, an African rhythm from Bahia, in the batuques and melody, the samba of the champion school sang the enslaved women of savior, who, in the 19th century sold food and washed clothes in the Abaeté lagoon and, with the money collected, bought their own manumission and that of other women. From this history, the group “As Ganhadeiras de Itapuã” was born. They were extolled in the parade as the “first feminists in Brazil”.

Viradouro won over audiences, critics and jurors by combining a strong cultural tradition, with references to black ancestry, to the current issues of feminism. It was a wash of soul and good taste. With the proposal to take a dip in the Abaeté Lagoon and the Itapuã Sea, Viradouro honored Oxum, playing an ijexá – with a giant atabaque in the middle of the rhythmists – in different moments of the parade. “Oh mom, soap up, mom,” the Sapucaí grandstand sang along with the school.

Viradouro also showed the transformation of the terreiros into ateliers where women made manufactures and took a tour of the folkloric manifestations that influenced the emergence of As Ganhadeiras de Itapuã. The parade ended with the sector The treasures of Brazil, which honored other folk groups formed by women.


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