Sometimes, damage to the outer protection of the fingers and toes, called alpha keratin, can occur, which can indicate a dangerous health problem. As stated by the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), the state of our nails generally reflects our health and well-being.
Liver and kidney disorders are mainly indicated by changes in the color and texture of the nails. It can also indicate heart and lung problems, anemia and diabetes.
So, if you want to know how your health is being maintained, look closely at the health of your nails. This article explains how to detect the health problem just by looking at your fingernails and toenails.
In this article, we will discuss eight obvious symptoms of your nails that will never be ignored.
Here are some warning signs of your nails that should never be ignored.
1. Concave nails
Concave or spoon nails are linked to various internal health problems. Generally, our nails are curved downwards or convex in nature and this indicates a healthy body. For an unhealthy body, the nails are curved upwards and concave.
Concave nails can be linked to several health conditions, including hemochromatosis of the liver, where the liver absorbs too much iron. Other possible health problems include cardiovascular disease, anemia (iron deficiency) and hypothyroidism.
2. Hit nails
In this condition, the nails are tapped together and appear as lamps with white pigmentation. When the skin under the nails rises, it forces them to rise, forming nails with clubs.
Beaten nails have been linked to serious disorders such as AIDS, inflammatory bowel diseases, liver and lung diseases.
3. Discolored nails
When a vitamin deficiency occurs, nails look opaque. The following are some other possible conditions related to nail discoloration:
- Bluish nails can indicate a low blood oxygen level in the body.
- Yellowish-green nails suggest a possible bacterial infection.
- Red streaks found on the nail can be an indication of a heart valve problem.
- White nails without pink pigmentation can be a symptom of liver disease.
- White streaks on the nail may indicate a kidney problem.
4. Cracked, dry or brittle nails
When there is a bacterial infection or hormonal imbalance in the body, the nails appear cracked, dry or brittle. Thyroid disorders can cause dry, brittle nails that usually break or crack. Fungal nail infection can also cause nail powder.
5. Nails in the groove
Sometimes, the nails can show numerous small holes or falls that can result from trauma to the nail. These grooved or pitted nails can be connected to one of the following health conditions:
- A disorder of the immune system that results in hair loss.
- Tissue disorder
- Zinc deficiency
6. Parallel Ridging
The nails sometimes have evenly spaced horizontal grooves and this condition is known to be Beau’s lines. This can also indicate trauma to the nails. Beau lines can also result from:
- Diabetes or pre-diabetes
- Zinc deficiency
7. Split Nails
In some cases, the nails peel off in layers without cracking, drying or becoming brittle. This condition of peeling off the layers of nails is called split nails. Common medical conditions associated with broken nails include:
- Long-term malnutrition
- Nutritional deficiencies, including vitamin C, folic acid and protein.
8. Proximal inflammation
As the name suggests, the proximal nail fold is located immediately outside the nail cuticle. If you keep your index finger straight and look sideways, the surface of the finger will increase where the nail ends.
This condition is called the proximal nail fold. This indicates a connective tissue disorder, such as lupus. An infection of the skin can also cause irritation and inflammation in that fold.
Proper nail care
The following are some of the procedures to be followed to keep nails healthier.
- A nail hardener can be applied if necessary
- Consume some biotin, which can strengthen brittle or weak nails.
- Take care of your nail with a manicure, pedicure etc. and trim your nails straight. Then gently bend the ends.
- Clean thoroughly and keep nails dry.
It is not
- Don’t bite your nails.
- Do not pull hard on the clips.
- Do not apply too many chemicals to nails.