The biggest targets of serious cases of the new coronavirus in Brazil so far have been people with diabetes or heart problems, according to the Ministry of Health. There were 77 deaths and 2,915 infected across the country. The verified lethality is 2.7%.
In analyzing the situation of those hospitalized (391 cases) and those who died (59, at the time of this assessment), the government noted that 124 of the patients suffer from heart disease. About 80 of them have diabetes. Among the deaths, more than 30 had heart problems and almost 20 were diabetic.
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Advanced age was again shown to be a risk factor for complications from the disease. Of the 391 hospitalized, 78 were between 60 and 69 years old and another 70 people, between 70 and 79 years old. There is a high record, however, of hospitalized patients between 30 and 49 years old (103 patients). The analysis of the profile of the dead, however, shows concentration among the elderly. Among the 59 cases evaluated until March 26, 48 were over 70 years of age.
“The data show that the biggest victims are the elderly, but also anyone who has heart disease or diabetes,” said the Ministry of Health’s surveillance secretary, Wanderson Oliveira.
Sao Paulo. State with the largest number of confirmed cases and deaths so far (1,052 infections and 58 deaths), São Paulo has mostly young people infected, but deaths are concentrated in the elderly.
According to the bulletin of the Epidemiological Surveillance Center of the State Health Department, 61% of the total confirmed cases until the 24th (last available detailed data) were under 40 years old and the majority (56%) were men.
When analyzing the profile of the dead, the document shows that 92% of the victims were over 60 years old and the majority (67.5%) were men.
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What is coronavirus?
Coronavirus is a family of viruses that cause respiratory infections. The new coronavirus agent was discovered on 12/31/19 after cases registered in China. The first human coronaviruses were isolated for the first time in 1937. However, it was in 1965 that the virus was described as coronavirus, due to the profile in microscopy, looking like a crown.
Most people become infected with common coronaviruses throughout their lives, with young children being more likely to become infected with the most common type of virus. The most common coronaviruses that infect humans are alpha coronavirus 229E and NL63 and beta coronavirus OC43, HKU1.
How to prevent coronavirus?
The Ministry of Health provides basic care to reduce the overall risk of contracting or transmitting acute respiratory infections, including the coronavirus. Among the measures are:
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, respecting the 5 moments of hygiene. If there is no soap and water, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoid close contact with sick people.
- Stay home when you’re sick.
- Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze with a tissue and throw it in the trash.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
- Health professionals should use standard precautions, contact and droplet measures (surgical mask, gloves, non-sterile apron and goggles).
To perform procedures that generate aerosolization of respiratory secretions such as intubation, airway aspiration or sputum induction, aerosol precautions should be used, with the use of an N95 mask.
Check out the step by step how to wash your hands properly