House approves aid R $ 600 per month for informal worker


The plenary session of the Chamber of Deputies on Thursday (26) approved emergency aid for three months, in the amount of R $ 600.00, for self-employed workers, informal and without fixed income during the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The matter will be analyzed by the Senate.

According to the text of the rapporteur, deputy Marcelo Aro (PP-MG), the aid can reach R $ 1,200 per family. The final amount, higher than the R $ 200 announced by the Executive at the beginning of the crisis due to the pandemic, was possible after the articulation of parliamentarians with members of the federal government. The project also foresees that the “one-parent” family provider mother receives two quotas.

Workers must fulfill some criteria together to qualify for the aid:
– be over 18 years of age;
– not having a formal job;
– not receiving social security or assistance benefits, unemployment insurance or any other federal income transfer program other than Bolsa Família;
– per capita monthly family income (per person) of up to half a minimum wage (R $ 522.50) or total monthly family income (everything the family receives) of up to three minimum wages (R $ 3,135.00); and
– not having received taxable income, in 2018, above R $ 28,559.70.

According to the text, the beneficiary must also fulfill one of these conditions:

– exercise activity as an individual microentrepreneur (MEI);
– be an individual or optional contributor to the General Social Security System (RGPS);
– be an informal worker registered in the Federal Government’s Single Registry for Social Programs (CadÚnico); or
– have met the average income requirement by 20 March 2020.

According to the rules, the worker cannot have a formal bond, that is, workers formalized by the Consolidation of Labor Laws (CLT) and public servants cannot receive the benefit.

Under the proposal, two people from the same family will also be allowed to accumulate benefits: one from emergency aid and one from Bolsa Família. If the aid is greater than the scholarship, the person can choose the aid. Payment will be made through federal public banks via a digital social savings account. This account can be the same account already used to pay resources for government social programs, such as PIS / Pasep and the Severance Pay Fund (FGTS), but it cannot allow the issuance of a physical card or checks.

Tax impact

In the early afternoon, the Mayor, Deputy Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ), defended the aid of R $ 500 during the crisis period. According to him, the amount referring to half a minimum wage (currently R $ 1,039) should be paid for three months and would have an estimated tax impact between R $ 10 billion and R $ 12 billion. With the change, the fiscal perspective has an impact of R $ 14 billion. Maia argued that the amount paid to informal professionals should be maintained if there is still a need after the three months provided for in the text.

“It is not possible that we cannot guarantee informal workers an income for this period of three months and assessing this scenario every week, because this is a war scenario. It is important that we can apply the resources [públicos] also in Brazilian society, ”said the mayor.

The leader of the government in the Chamber, deputy Vitor Hugo (PSL-GO), highlighted the support of President Jair Bolsonaro for the aid of R $ 600. “President Bolsonaro, very sensitive to these 25 million Brazilians who are the most affected, the most suffering, attentive to the demands of the party leaders, decided to support the R $ 600 measure. This will cause families that have two people in this condition to have more than 1 minimum wage, will be R $ 1,200. ”

For the minority leader, deputy José Guimarães (PT-CE), the measure is essential in times of crisis. “We understand that, at a time like this, of a serious crisis in the real economy, which is impacting public health in Brazil, we cannot have any restrictions on spending. Therefore, health spending has to be unlimited, ”he said.

The leader of the MDB, deputy Baleia Rossi (SP), affirmed that the proposal guarantees the “minimum of hope” for informal workers, but measures will also be necessary for micro and small companies.

“It is informal workers who are not working today, have no income. Today they have no hope of reaching the end of the month and having their money to buy the most basic needs of their family ’, argued the parliamentarian”, he said. “We are now waiting for credit for small and medium-sized companies, because we know that they, too, are at a standstill and cannot support themselves. It is necessary for the government to look at small and medium-sized companies and be able to release extraordinary cheap credit for this purpose, as well as the provisional measure to guarantee employment and unemployment insurance for workers ”.

Mayor Rodrigo Maia conducted a virtual session of the Casa Pablo Valadares / Chamber of Deputies

Philanthropic hospitals

The plenary also approved on Thursday the suspension, for 120 days, counting from March 1, the obligation of philanthropic hospitals to meet quantitative and qualitative goals contracted with the Unified Health System (SUS). In exchange for tax exemption, these health units need to provide health services such as consultations, exams and procedures of medium and high complexity (surgeries, for example) to SUS.

However, because of the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic, these hospitals will not be able to reach the goals of quantity and quality so that the maintainers can count on the exemption.

“[A medida] guarantees SUS service providers, especially holy houses, university hospitals, the maintenance of the resources that these providers receive monthly and which, unfortunately, can be interrupted at this time of the coronavirus pandemic ”, said Deputy Dr Luizinho (PP-RJ ).

“Because unfortunately, right now, we have a situation that suspends elective surgery. Most of these service providers work with elective surgeries, with outpatient procedures and will certainly be affected. For this reason, maintenance for 120 days is essential, so that they can maintain their activities, the economic situation of their jobs ”, added the parliamentarian.

Hazard pay

Another proposal approved by the parliamentarians guaranteed an unhealthy work additional for workers of essential services to fight epidemics in cases of public calamity.

The text foresees that professionals in the health, public safety, health surveillance, fire brigade and urban cleaning areas in the fight against epidemics must receive the payment of a maximum unhealthy premium, equivalent to 40% of the region’s minimum wage (R $ 418).

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