Parents put a mask on their baby while waiting at Beijing train station – AFP
Chinese scientists reported on Thursday (26) that it is possible, although rare, that pregnant women with the SARS-CoV-2 virus infect their babies.
The team followed 33 pregnant women from Wuhan, the city where the disease behind the COVID-19 pandemic was identified – and found that three babies were infected with the new coronavirus at birth (a rate of nine percent, although in a very small sample). small).
They reported their findings in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Pediatrics, in which they wrote: “Since strict control and prevention procedures were implemented during delivery, the sources of SARS-CoV-2 in the upper respiratory tract of newborns are likely to born or in the anus are of maternal origin ”.
SARS-CoV-2 is the technical name of the virus.
All three infected babies were male, and all were born by caesarean section because their mothers had pneumonia associated with COVID-19.
In addition, one of them was born premature at 31 weeks, due to fetal suffering, and needed to be resuscitated.
The two babies who were born in the expected time had lethargy and fever, and one had pneumonia. Both were treated in intensive care units and tested negative for the virus on the sixth day of life.
The premature baby had the most serious illness, including pneumonia, shortness of breath and sepsis, which were all resolved with intensive care treatment, including ventilation, antibiotics and caffeine, while his coronavirus test returned negative on his seventh day of life.
The three survived.
Chinese experts previously reported that it may be possible for the so-called “vertical transmission” of the pregnant mother to the baby to occur after a newborn has been detected with the virus 30 hours after birth.
This can occur in the placenta or during delivery.
“Therefore, it is crucial to track pregnant women and implement strict infection control measures, quarantine for infected mothers, and close monitoring” of newborns, the team concluded.