Throughout his life, the Brazilian takes about 18 types of vaccine to prevent various types of diseases. However, a survey of 2,000 Brazilians over the age of 16 at the end of last year, carried out by Ibope (Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics), commissioned by SBIm (Brazilian Society of Immunization) and Avaaz, revealed that 67% – about seven out of ten Brazilians – believe in some false information related to vaccination, ignoring science. On Sunday (31), the Government of Mato Grosso do Sul published an article on the subject.
The study shows evidence that fake news impacts the decision not to be vaccinated. Among those who responded that they would not be vaccinated, 57% reported at least one reason considered as misinformation by SBIm professionals and by WHO (World Health Organization).
The fact is that since we were born, we have taken at least 18 types of vaccines throughout our lives. Some with up to three doses applied at different times. BCG, triple bacterial, polio, influenza, HPV, chickenpox (chickenpox), diphtheria and tetanus are some of the vaccines that are part of the PNI (National Immunization Program of Brazil), considered the largest free immunization program in the world, and that allows the population has access to all vaccines recommended by WHO (World Health Organization).
Vaccines help to prevent from simpler illnesses, such as the flu, to more serious problems that can develop into cancer. Therefore, they should not be ignored by the population. The technical manager of Immunization of the State Department of Health (SES), Ana Paula Rezende Goldfinger, explains that vaccines are intended to stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies.
“Brazil has always been a world reference for immunization, since it offers several vaccines free of charge through Sus. But a few years ago we are noticing a drop in vaccination coverage, we are not reaching goals that were previously easily achieved. The population is not thinking about the danger that we may face if we have the introduction of viruses before they are eliminated, ”he warned.
Regarding the resistance of the population to doses of Coronavac and AstraZeneca, she reinforces that the immunizers are rigorously tested and evaluated until they can be released and offered to the population. “It has proven effectiveness, prevents diseases and in some cases eradicates, as is the case with polio, which has not existed in Brazil since the early 1990s due to the prevention policies of the Ministry of Health”.
Inputs from China
For those who believe in conspiracy theories, the reality is that for a long time most of the medicines in Brazil have been produced with inputs from China, which in the past 20 years has become a powerhouse in the production of medicines.
National laboratories import about 95% of the so-called active pharmaceutical ingredients, which is the substance that gives the medicine its pharmaceutical characteristic, that is, what makes a certain medicine work.
A report published in October by Anvisa (National Health Surveillance Agency) shows that the two largest suppliers in Brazil are India (37% of the active ingredients, biological or not) and China (35%). “For economic and technological reasons, the whole world imports inputs from these two countries,” said the president of the Brazilian Association of the Pharmaceutical Input Industry (Abiquifi), Norberto Prestes in an interview with the BBC.